|Bioscience and Technology|
Many of the fluids and combustion processes that occur
in NASA systems and scenarios are traditionally more familiar
to fluids scientists and engineers, for example power
and propulsion systems and some advanced life support
systems. But it is becoming increasingly evident that
physicochemical processes that occur in biological and
biomedical systems may be important factors in determining
the response of these systems to low gravity environments.
Alternatively, some of these processes may be insensitive
to changes in effective gravity, but improvements in understanding
of their role in biological systems would be a key to
developing effective countermeasures in space biomedicine.
The Glenn Bioscience and Engineering Consortium (GBEC) has focused more on technology and countermeasure development than on understanding particular biofluid processes. Recognizing that an understanding of the fluids and transport behavior in biological system may be the key to development of effective countermeasures, the NCMR is beginning to pursue research that investigates the role of fluids at the cell and system level in particular biological systems of relevance to NASA, concerned with bone loss, cardiovascular processes and vestibular processes in microgravity.